By October 22, 2014 30 Comments Read More →

The 500 Year Old Map that Shatters the Official History of the Human Race

Website Image TemplateBuck Rogers, Staff Writer
Waking Times

If conventional wisdom on the history of the human race is correct, then human civilization is not old enough, nor was it advanced enough, to account for many of the mysterious monolithic and archeological sites around the world. Places like Gobekli Tepe in Turkey, the Bosnian Pyramids, and Adam’s Calendar in South Africa, beg the same question: if human civilization is supposedly not old enough to have created all of these sites, then who, or what, had the capacity to create so many elaborate structures around the globe?

It is clear that our understanding of our own history is incomplete, and there is plenty of credible evidence pointing to the existence of intelligent and civilized cultures on Earth long before the first human cultures emerged from the Middle East around 4000BC. The Admiral Piri Reis world map of 1513 is part of the emerging more complete story of our history, one that challenges mainstream thinking in big ways.

Mapmaking is a complex and civilized task, thought to have emerged around 1000BC with the Babylonian clay tablets. Antarctica was officially first sighted by a Russian expedition in 1820 and is entirely covered in ice caps thought to have formed around 34-45 million years ago. Antarctica, therefore, should not be seen on any map prior to 1820, and all sighted maps of Antarctica should contain the polar ice caps, which are supposedly millions of years old.

A world map made by Ottoman cartographer and military admiral, Piri Reis, casts some doubt on what we think we know about ancient civilization.

The Piri Reis map, which focuses on Western Africa, the East Coast of South America, and the North Coast of Antarctica, features the details of a coastline that many historians and geologists believe represents Queen Maud Land, that is, Antarctica. Remarkably, as represented in this map, the frigid continent was not covered in ice caps, but, rather, with dense vegetation. How could a map drawn in 1513 feature a continent that wasn’t discovered until 1820? And if the continent had in fact been discovered by one of the civilizations known to have emerged after 4000BC, why were the ice caps not on the map?

The paradoxes presented by the map were of little significance to the world until Charles Hapgood, a history professor from New Hampshire, USA, claimed that the information in the Piri Reis map supported a different view of geology and ancient history. Hapgood believed that the map verified his global geological theory, which explains how portions of Antarctica could have remained ice-free until 4000BC.

Hapgood’s presentation is so convincing that even famed theoretical physicist and philosopher Albert Einstein wrote the following supportive forward to a book that Hapgood wrote in 1953:

“His idea is original, of great simplicity, and – if it continues to prove itself – of great importance to everything that is related to the history of the Earth’s surface.” –Albert Einstein

Piri Reis
Unquestionably not a hoax, the map is certifiably authentic, but the information on the map is of mysterious origin. Piri Reis himself notes that the map was drawn from information sourced from other, older maps, charts and logs, many of which, Hapgood suggests, may have been copied and transcribed repeatedly since before the destruction of the Library of Alexandria in Egypt, which wiped out the literature of antiquity and vast cultural knowledge.

This hypothesis opens the door to the possibility that some forgotten ancient civilization had the capacity to voyage to the Antarctic, charting the earth, with the technology to make maps, sometime before the ice caps formed. A significant departure from our present understanding of our history.

The absence of the ice caps in the Piri Reis map is peculiar, and in 1960 Hapgood brought his theories on this to the attention of the United States Air Force. Hapgood asked, among other things, if the shape of the continent, as it appeared on the Piri Reis map, was at all similar to the shape of the continent under the ice, as revealed by recent Air Force testing of seismic data on the continent. Their answer was astonishing:

“…the geographical detail shown in the lower part of the map agrees very remarkably with the results of the seismic profile made across the top of the ice-cap by the Swedish-British Antarctic Expedition of 1949.

This indicates the coastline had been mapped before it was covered by the ice-cap.

The ice-cap in this region is now about a mile thick.

We have no idea how the data on this map can be reconciled with the supposed state of geographical knowledge in 1513.

Harold Z. Ohlmeyer
Lt. Colonel, USAF

[Fingerprints of the Gods]

If Hapgood’s theory has merit, as even Einstein believed, then there was a period of time from around 13000BC to 6000BC when Antarctica was located more closely to the equator and was more tropical in climate, much like parts of South America. This was caused by a sudden shift of the earth’s entire lithosphere, he theorized, simultaneously moving all of the continents into their present position, a much different view than the widely accepted explanation offered the plate tectonics theory.

If Antarctica had indeed been further North then than it presently is, and was not covered in ice only as recently as 6000BC, then who was around back then that could have mapped it, long before any known civilizations? And who could have done so long before the advent of the marine chronometer in the 18th century, which finally solved the problem of accurately tracking longitude on the high seas?

Had the entire Earth already been mapped by 4000BC, by a civilization that has been forgotten, as analysis of the Piri Reis map and the theories of Charles Hapgood suggest?

About the Author

Buck Rogers is the earth bound incarnation of that familiar part of our timeless cosmic selves, the rebel within. He is a surfer of ideals and meditates often on the promise of happiness in a world battered by the angry seas of human thoughtlessness. He is a staff writer for


– Hancock, Graham. Fingerprints of the Gods: The Evidence of Earth’s Lost Civilization. 1995, Crown Trade Paperbacks.

This article is offered under Creative Commons license. It’s okay to republish it anywhere as long as attribution bio is included and all links remain intact.

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  • NetG

    Ok so human civilization is “older” than once thought, but we’re talking about thousands of years….humans HAVE been around for over 200,000 years…that’s HUNDREDS of thousands of years. I don’t understand the point this is trying to make other than what we already know, and scientists admit with each discovery, that we are still learning about ourselves and our existence. We already know ancient humans were more advanced in regard to organization but not understanding of existence…big deal.

  • Robin Morgan

    It is the height of ignorance to ignore every source of information. We know so little.

  • Ian MacLeod

    I became fascinated by archaeology in third grade, back in 196 contradictory. It wasn’t long before I started noticing anachronisms and other “errors” that suggested the basic paradigms underlying our knowledge of the past were through various “sciences” were irreconcilable and contradictory. Adding religion(s) made the picture(s) that much more confusing, and being in the deep South didn’t help. I’ve been reading ever since, and it has become clear that human civilization and history, and especially technology, stretch MUCH FARTHER BACK than has been believed. For that matter, most “professionals” STILL don’t believe it. It’s also clear that there have been other races, some not even REMOTELY human, on this world in the far past! What I wouldn’t give to have use of a time-viewer that could reach back into the remote past..! * sigh * I’m 60 now, and STILL fascinated!

    • RamboSTiTCH

      You should watch the movie “Noah” with Russell Crow. You will find a plausible answer to those responsible for the technology leap.

  • RamboSTiTCH

    I wonder if Walt Brown referenced this 1513 map in his development of his Hydroplate theory in the late 1980’s. His theory’s central feature was the rapid movement of land masses upon the release of the “fountains of the great deep”.

  • Wesley Renfroe

    there have been found man made objects in the middle of hunks of coal that date back over 300,000 years ago. also in wells dug and much more. other civilizations have lived here before but disappeared without a trace. in Egypt there are hieroglyphics depicting modern tech including light bulbs. there are hundreds of pyramids in every part of the world all on ley lines with advanced math- the base matching the length of the height. they had no math back then and were supposed to have built them using bronze chizels, logs and chicken bones. if humanity only knew just about 20% of the nature of true reality humans would go into instant shock and denial.

  • Chip

    If I’m reading correctly, this map was made from many sources; perhaps the accurate parts are of strange origin; but, I don’t know why anyone hasn’t suggested, or maybe they have, it’s possible the part of the map showing Antarctica was from another source, completely inaccurate and is just plain wrong.

    I’d love to see an image of this map, cutout, and pasted over a globe. If anyone knows of this; please post a link.

  • Warren

    truth is, the Vatican likely has records to our origins, or at least to what predated our current records, but they won’t ever show us this. You’ve got to go all the way back to ancient Egypt, the Library of Alexandria which was burned to the ground, to destroy all records and erase any link we once had, to that history. I am about sure the elites have moved those records, either to the Vatican or to some underground vault somewhere under strict guard.

    Once you really understand how this world works from behind the curtains, then you’ll realize we’ve always been in a planned society, where a few at the top benefit from the exploitation and enslavement of the many. A top down control system. And it’s an ongoing agenda spanning centuries. Now the root of this problem can be found within human nature.

    • jim de nooij

      much become more understandable if we agree that religion is a fairytale

      • Robin Morgan

        I would disagree and suggest a deeper, detailed study of what is referred to as the “flood myth”, which is ubiquitous to ancient civilizations. The flood theory in geology, provides satisfying answers to all the gaps in the different geological theories. The simple story of Babel also provides the means by which men so quickly covered the earth. Also, if you take as fact, that man started out a perfect being, as presented in the Bible and elsewhere, this also explains why ancient man appears to have been, for lack of a better word, smarter, in ancient times. It explains a lot. Take some time and read about flood geology. Not so much a fairy tale as people who deride theses sources would have you think.

        • dabsforsleep .

          Geology has proven a world wide flood never happened.

  • ReluctantWarrior

    entity that feeds off of our amplified suffering and misery. I do not think that mankind was created, as Thoreau wrote, to lead ‘lives of quiet desperation.’

    I think that the hero’s journey can become a trap if we forget to imagine a better world. The point is not to joyfully endure the suffering of the world but to escape it! Can we not create a world without the hungry furnaces of Auschwitz, the bloody bandanas of the Khmer Rouge or flashing Tutsi and Hutu machetes. Life would then be a true Hero’s journey not a Hero’s folly.The big transition at the end of the cycle is to realize that man was not ‘born unto trouble as the sparks fly upward (Job 5:7). That we have a greater purpose and that we need not accept the kind of gross suffering and torture that we inflict upon one another.

    We have turned enough bloody pages of history to convince us of our own fall from grace when what we need is to sing love songs to each other in the present.

    • grobbins

      Right on man. Keep keeping it real. I never had a fall from grace. I’m simply at the end of countless intertwining lines of reproducing, evolving oraganisms. So are you. Human nature is what it is: essentially not too different from the other primates, only with a greater information processing capability and therefore a greater, more sophisticated capacity for emotion, morality, memory, contemplation of the past and future, and technological innovation.
      The latter of these is the main faculty that enables some of us to enjoy the more rarefied and pleasurable experiences and emotions.
      Not to say that the ‘nobel savage’ isn’t a realistic concept,
      but on a finite planet with seven billion other humans, technology is everything when it comes to doing anything other than just surviving.

  • Sam S

    Forget the so-called ‘official story’ of our past. It’s a bunch of nonsense designed to keep mankind in the dark. The Piri Reis map indicates that there is so much more of our unknown past that needs to be ‘dug up’ and shared with mankind. The map shows that the previous civilization was far greater than today…

    • grobbins

      No, it doesn’t show that.

  • grobbins

    God damn pseudo-historical claptrap. That picture isn’t even the Piri Reis map. Stop trying to blow idiots’ minds.

    • lawn

      Well, the top picture is of part of the Piri Reis map, but it’s been rotated a bit FOR SOME REASON. Other than that, this article is nothing but Grade A baloney; even Wikipedia does it better. Some of these comments are great fun, though, makes me want to explore this site further.

      • grobbins

        Get this, when I wrote that that comment that top picture wasn’t there, only the larger map with Latin or some other non-Islamic text all over it. I think the author felt the need to add that small image at the top later.
        I’m all for people taking an interest in history, but this pseudo-history and pseudo-science only adds to the discombobulation of poorly-informed internet kids that aren’t able to sniff out silly bullshit when they stumble blindly into it.

      • grobbins

        The extraordinary claims outlined in this article rest ENTIRELY on the claim that the ‘coastline’ that supposedly depicts the coastline of Antarctica “agrees very remarkably with the results of the seismic profile made across the top of the ice-cap by the Swedish-British Antarctic Expedition of 1949”.

        OK kids, homework tonight is to research whether this claim comes from a credible source, and more directly, if it is actually true. If you’re any good at getting to the truth of matters, you will find that it simply doesn’t accurately depict the coastline of Antarctica.

        Pretty bloody straight forward.

        full Piri Reis here:

        Antarctic Coast (Queen Maud Land) here:,34.9142883,3z/data=!4m2!3m1!1s0xb09dff882a7809e1:0xb08d0a385dc8c7c7

        and here:

  • Janet E

    RE: Buck Rogers bio… made me smile

  • Kirk G

    The fact that the map does not show ice caps as white, does not mean that they weren’t covered with ice. Maybe the mapmaker didn’t have white in his pallet, or that tan or other colors were used for ice as well as land.

    • Nate

      Yeah , sure , and I would say your brain is made of shit , because god ran out of brains to give to people . What’s it like being a Plinkernaut ?

    • Mary Marx Lynch

      Except they say the configuration they drew is a match to the land mass and not the ice mass.

  • Planet Peace

    This is incredible, especially when the first publication of Fingerprints of the Gods, was (for me) too highly technical to understand in full and I often referred back to precious chapters and did much re-reading to try and digest what was absolutely fascinating, albeit that I couldn’t understand it all as a lay reader. However, what I find very interesting, is that the Piri Reis map should be back in the news right now, while our planet is experiencing ever more dramatic changes, which many say indicates a pole shift and which many scientists too, are at one that another pole shift is overdue. As a professor of history, to me Charles Hapgood was a dedicated scientist of earth’s history too. Also Antarctica has a solid plate, so if an earlier pole shift caused it to move (even drastically), surely that is why it would have remained intact, maintained its shape and mass?

    • As well, the Antarcic has increasing ice on one side and decreasing ice on the other; my scientist husband says this MAY be the beginning of the pole shift. This entire area of research presented by Hapgood is fascinating.

    • tresmegistus

      planet peace – read up on the mayans. they describe in detail how the sun rose in what is now the west, hovered, sank and then subsequently rose in what is now the east. geologists already confirm that the earth’s magnetic north south has change many time. so not only did the earth’s spin change direction but the magnet poles changed as well. it is already known today that the strength of the magnetic north south current is declining and consider the challenge if did flip to our electronic age which is based on the present arrangement. the piri reis maps I read about some 50 years ago.

      • R2C

        You actually believe that the earth stopped spinning, and reversed its rotation? Because of a pole shift? Are you barking mad?

        • Mary Marx Lynch

          The words “the earth stopped” were never mentioned. Not sure what reason you’re questioning his sanity. The only wild part is the thought of the world stopping and you said that.

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