Scientists Discover New Technique to Remove Fluoride from Drinking Water

November 29, 2012 | By | 4 Replies More

Andrew Puhanic, Guest Writer
Waking Times

Around the world, it is estimated that tens of millions of people are affected by both dental and skeletal fluorosis. In many cases, it is the addition of fluoride into drinking water supplies by governments that is the primary cause of both dental and skeletal fluorosis.

Common techniques used for defluoridation are coagulation-precipitation, membrane process and ion exchange.

The problem with these three techniques is that they are either too expensive or they further pollute the water.

Researchers from the National University of Sciences and Technology in Pakistan have discovered an effective method to remove fluoride from drinking water that is less expensive than conventional filtration processes and is safe to use.

The study, published in the Journal of Chemistry, concluded that the removal of fluoride from drinking water using modified immobilized activated alumina (MIAA) resulted in a removal efficiency that was 1.35 times higher than normal immobilized activated alumina.

Modified immobilized activated alumina (MIAA) was added to water that was tainted with fluoride and then analysis was conducted to evaluate the quantity of fluoride that was removed from the water.

Effect of an adsorbent dose on the removal of fluoride at 20 ± 1°C.

It was discovered that MIAA, at 20 +/- degrees Celsius has the capacity to remove more than 95% of fluoride from water. In fact, the adsorption capacity of MIAA was much higher (0.76 mg/g) when compared to the adsorption capacity of activated charcoal (0.47 mg/g) for the same concentration fluoride samples.

The adsorption method that is used by modified immobilized activated alumina (MIAA) is much more cost-effective (Ali, I., & Gupta, V. K. [2007] Advances in water treatment by adsorption technology. Nature Protocols) than the popular Reverse Osmosis Filtration method.

Considering that both MIAA and Reverse Osmosis Filtration remove more than 90% of fluoride, MIAA could be a viable alternative to removing fluoride from drinking water supplies in developing countries.

Unfortunately, there are some limitations to the use of MIAA in removing fluoride from drinking water. The greatest challenge in the use of MIAA for removing fluoride from drinking water is filtering MIAA once all fluoride has been absorbed.

Real water samples with initial fluoride concentration and final concentration

However, considering that the granules produced by MIAA varied from 3 to 6 mm, all that was required during the study to remove the MIAA granules from the water was basic water filtration.Ultimately, the primary challenge faced when trying to removing fluoride from drinking water is cost.

The use of modified immobilized activated alumina (MIAA) to remove fluoride from drinking water could become a viable option that would enable communities in both developed and developing nations to remove fluoride from drinking water.

To download a copy of this publication, click here.

Andrew Puhanic is the founder of the Globalist Report. The aim of the Globalist Report is to provide current, relevant and informative information about the Globalists and Globalist Agenda. You can contact Andrew directly by visiting the Globalist Report

This article was featured at ActivistPost.com, the source for alternative news and information.

This article is offered under Creative Commons license. It’s okay to republish it anywhere as long as attribution bio is included and all links remain intact.

~~ Help Waking Times to raise the vibration by sharing this article with the buttons below…

Tags: , , , , ,

Category: Contributors, Earth, Environment, Food, Guest Writers, Ideas, Ingenuity, Resources, Science, Self, Society, Technology, Time & Space

Comments (4)

Trackback URL | Comments RSS Feed

  1. Thanks for this very informative article. Activated Alumina is made from aluminium hydroxide by dehydroxylating it in a way that produces a highly porous material. Activated Alumina is considered safe and non toxic, non-corrosive and not prone to oxidation and has been widely used and approved within the water filtration industry for many years. However, the removal efficiency will depend on temperature, pH, water quality, flow rate, and concentration of suspended solids as well as contact time.

  2. ROBB says:

    ..Place in a glass jar containing Flouride tap water, some ( Holy Basil leaves ) this takes nealy all the flouride out over night.. and you end up with clean water..

  3. jammie s says:

    I’m glad that there are at least some people concerned about the fluoride in the drinking water. Here is a question: who paid for this study? How safe is alumina really? Fluoride was considered safe at one time, so was mercury. I have a simpler suggestion that will solve the world’s fluoride problems all together. Stop putting it in the water in the first place.

    As for the basil leaves, intriguing, how do you measure that the fluoride has gone?

  4. jenns says:

    To ROBB: Do the holy basil leaves not taint the taste of the water? And how indeed do you measure that the fluoride has gone?
    This sounds like a good idea….if it works :-)

Leave a Reply

Must Watch Videos

3 Astronauts Who Had Spiritual Experiences ‘Up There’

3 Astronauts Who Had Spiritual Experiences ‘Up There’













Andrei Burke, Ultra Culture
Waking Times

Several astronauts who have seen Earth from space have had profoundly awakening spiritual experiences. Here’s three of them.

Seeing Earth from space will cause you to lose your shit.

In Plato’s Phaedo, Socrates said that if you could see the Earth from space, … More

July 26, 2014 | By | 2 Replies More
The Awakening – Clash of Civilizations

The Awakening – Clash of Civilizations













Zen Gardner, Guest
Waking Times

Despite the furious efforts of the world’s Machiavellian destroyers, humanity is waking up. We’re seeing significant progress in exposing the ongoing brutal Gaza extermination, the mass revelation of chemtrails and other neo-scientific incursions, the disastrous effects of EMFs of every source, GMO food manipulation, … More

July 23, 2014 | By | 4 Replies More
Raw Milk Versus Pasteurized—Which Is Safer?

Raw Milk Versus Pasteurized—Which Is Safer?













Dr. Mercola
Waking Times

The United States lags far behind many other nations when it comes to food safety and nutritional recommendations, and this is perhaps particularly true when it comes to raw milk.

The fact is, large dairy farmers operating under the factory farm model simply cannot produce raw … More

July 23, 2014 | By | 2 Replies More
Toxic Hot Seat—What You Don’t Know About Flame Retardant Chemicals Can Hurt You

Toxic Hot Seat—What You Don’t Know About Flame Retardant Chemicals Can Hurt You













Dr. Mercola
Waking Times

Fear of fire is primal. No one wants to burn to death. This is undoubtedly why it’s so difficult to repeal laws relating to the use of fire retardant chemicals—even though experiments show they do not work… and worse, they’re actually exposing you to … More

July 21, 2014 | By | 1 Reply More
Humans of Manufactured Purpose

Humans of Manufactured Purpose













Raghav Bubna, Fractal Enlightenment
Waking Times

Until we are born we don’t have any perception of existence riddling within us, we are lovingly thrust into birth by the biological frivolity of corporeal matter and witness the first moments in our life of purest expression.

As children we interact through experience … More

July 18, 2014 | By | 2 Replies More

Activism Works

Triumph For Citizens in Florida As Hughes Oil Company Drops Fracking Project

Triumph For Citizens in Florida As Hughes Oil Company Drops Fracking Project













Julie Dermansky, DeSmogBlog
Waking Times

On Friday morning, Dan A. Hughes Oil Company and the Collier Resources Company agreed to terminate their lease agreement, with the exception of the Collier Hogan 20-3H well, next to the Corkscrew Swamp Sanctuary in Naples, Florida.

Hughes Oil dropped its plans to drill … More

July 14, 2014 | By | 1 Reply More
A Forgotten Community in New Orleans: Life on a Superfund Site

A Forgotten Community in New Orleans: Life on a Superfund Site













Julie Dermansky, DeSmogBlog
Waking Times

Shannon Rainey lives in a house that was built on top of a Superfund site in the Upper Ninth Ward of New Orleans.

“I bought my house when I was 25, and thirty years later, I still can’t get out,” she told DeSmogBlog.

Rainey’s … More

June 23, 2014 | By | 1 Reply More
Wave of GMO Labeling Victories Emboldens Movement to Take Back Food Democracy

Wave of GMO Labeling Victories Emboldens Movement to Take Back Food Democracy













Michele Simon, EcoWatch
Waking Times

The East Coast has been getting most of the attention lately on the state by state effort to label genetically-engineered food. Vermont recently passed a bill and New York State’s bill is now moving. But let’s not forget about the western states, which are also … More

June 11, 2014 | By | 1 Reply More
Monsanto’s Roundup Found in 75% of Air and Rain Samples

Monsanto’s Roundup Found in 75% of Air and Rain Samples













John Deike, EcoWatch
Waking Times

A new U.S. Geological Survey has concluded that pesticides can be found in, well, just about anything.

Roundup herbicide, Monsanto’s flagship weed killer, was present in 75 percent of air and rainfall test samples, according to the study, which focused on Mississippi’s highly fertile … More

May 27, 2014 | By | 2 Replies More
How to Bring Minerals Back Into the Soil and Food Supply

How to Bring Minerals Back Into the Soil and Food Supply













Dr. Mercola
Waking Times

There are now many studies clearly documenting that if you eat processed foods, you’re being exposed to toxic herbicides. These toxic chemicals have been found in everything from breast milk to umbilical cords and placentas.

This of course means that children are now born with a … More

May 26, 2014 | By | 3 Replies More